Peat of Peats Ferry

Copyright Carol Baxter 2012
Prepared for Peat descendant Jeanette Bradley

Endnotes

[1] Cobley, John Sydney Cove 1791-1792, p.239; Registers of Baptisms, Marriages & Burials – Baptism: George Peat [SRNSW ref: Vol.4 No.251; Reel 5002]

[2] Gillen, Dr Mollie, The Founders of Australia (Library of Australian History, Sydney, 1989) p.280

[3] Baxter, C.J. (ed) Musters of NSW and NI, 1805-1806 (ABGR, Sydney, 1989). Entries A3183, C0831

[4] While George was recorded as an apprentice in 1810 when he was 16 years of age, apprentices were generally bonded to their masters at the age of 14 so he could have been apprenticed two years previously or even earlier. In fact, as George Thomas Palmer noted in a character testimonial that he had known George Peat since 1806 [SRNSW ref: 2/7948 George Peat No.35/3540; Reel 1171], and as G.T. Palmer’s father owned sealing vessels and other colonial craft when G.T. Palmer himself arrived in the colony in 1806 [Australian Dictionary of Biography Vol.2 pp.308-9], it seems likely that George became an apprentice shipwright in 1806 or thereabouts.

[5] Colonial Secretary Correspondence – Inquest on William Piper 8 Mch 1818 [SRNSW ref: 4/1819 p.532; Reel 6021]. Claire Schofield’s The Shaping of Hornsby Shire (Hornsby Shire Council, 1988) declared that George “had been apprenticed to the government ship builder by Governor King following the untimely death of his father who had been shipwrecked while returning to England to claim his inheritance” [p.41]. This information is incorrect. In 1802 George’s father was residing in England and applied for permission to return to New South Wales, using this reference to a legacy to account for his departure from the colony in 1800 [see First Fleet Peat Family]. He had returned to the colony by 1810.

[6] George’s father Charles Peat sold his land to a previous commander of the Buffalo, and himself departed the colony on the Buffalo in 1800 (see First Fleet Peat Family)

[7] Australian Dictionary of Biography: Vol. 1 p.115

[8] Registers of Baptisms, Marriages & Burials – Marriage: George Peat & Elizabeth Tutton [SRNSW ref: Vol.7 No.515; Reel 5002]; & George Peat & Frances Ternen [SRNSW ref: Vol.12 No.674; Reel 5003]

[9] George signed a statement in 1810 with his mark (X) [SRNSW ref: 4/1819 p.532; Reel 6021], but signed his marriage entry in 1818 in full [SRNSW ref: Vol.7 No.515; Reel 5002], suggesting that literacy was acquired between 1810 and 1818 although laziness or timidity might have resulted in the cross rather than the signature in 1810.

[10] Colonial Secretary Correspondence – Inquest on William Piper 8 Mch 1818 [SRNSW ref: 4/1819 p.532; Reel 6021]

[11] Colonial Secretary Correspondence – Inquest: Henry Sheffery [SRNSW ref: 4/1819 p.643; Reel 6021]

[12] Baxter, C.J. (ed.) General Muster of NSW 1814, Entries 4437 & 7178

[13] Colonial Secretary Correspondence: George Peat, 28 May 1847 [SRNSW ref: 4/2771.3 No.47/4250; Reel 2268]

[14] Town Grants - George Peat: St Philip’s Parish, Sydney – Section 57 Allotment 9 [LPI ref: Town Grants – 3: Vol. 50 p.32]

[15] ibid2

[16] Baxter, C.J. (ed.) General Muster of NSW 1814 (ABGR, Sydney, 1987) Entry 7178; Elizabeth’s surname was also variously listed as “Thuton” and “Tulling”.

[17] Registers of Baptisms, Marriages & Burials – Burial: Elizabeth Peat [SRNSW ref: Vol.10 No.366; Reel 5002]

[18] Baxter, C.J. (ed) Convicts to NSW 1788-1812 CD-ROM (SAG, Sydney, 2002), Entry 22929. Further details of Elizabeth Tutton’s crime could probably be obtained in British records and newspapers.

[19] Bateson, C. The Convict Ships: 1787-1868 (LAH, Sydney, 2004), pp.338 & 381

[20] Daniel O’Connor’s identity has not been determined to date as he was not listed as such in the General Musters for 1811 or 1814. He was possibly a member of the military, as these men were not required to attend the musters, or one of the men named “Connor” noted as residing in the colony at that time.

[21] John was still alive when the General Muster was taken in 1814, however no further research has been undertaken.

[22] Mutch Index to Baptisms, Marriages & Burials: 1788-1814 [ML]

[23] Baxter, C.J. (ed.) General Muster of NSW 1814, Entries 4437 & 7178

[24] Registers of Baptisms, Marriages & Burials – Baptism: George Peat [SRNSW ref: Vol.5 Baptism No.477; Reel 5002?]. Church registers record that a child George was born on 18 October 1814 and baptised on 17 January 1815, his parents being listed as George Peat and Elizabeth Thuton and his baptism included in the list of “Illegitimate Children” [SRNSW ref: Vol.6 Baptism No.477; Reel 5002]. In the list of children “born to parents married or said to be married”, a child George, son of George and Elizabeth Peat, was noted as being born on 18 October 1815 and baptised on 5 May 1816 [SRNSW ref: Vol.7 Baptism No.515; Reel 5002]. As no burial for the first child has been located, as the two sons were both named “George” and were both born on the same day [18 October], it seems likely that both ceremonies were for the same child.

[25] Baxter, C.J. (ed.) General Muster of NSW 1814, Entries 4437 & 7178

[26] Registers of Baptisms, Marriages & Burials – Baptism: George Peat: [SRNSW ref: Vol.7 No.515; Reel 5002] & Burial: Charles Peat [SRNSW ref: Vol.7 No.643; Reel 5002]

[27] Registers of Baptisms, Marriages & Burials – Marriage: George Peat & Elizabeth Tutton [SRNSW ref: Vol.7 No.515; Reel 5002]

[28] Sainty, M.R. & Johnson, K.A. Census of NSW November 1828, Entries F0382-F0383; also Smee, C.J. & Selkirk Provis, J. The Bicentenary Pioneer Register Vol. III. Entries for Fielder and Dalton

[29] Sydney Gazette, 4 May 1816, p.2 c.4

[30] Cumpston, J.S. Shipping Arrivals & Departures, Sydney, 1788-1825 (Roebuck, Canberra, 1977), p.101

[31] It could be argued that George and Elizabeth chose to have their son baptised at this time so that George could participate in the ceremony, however the fact that the child had already been baptised mitigates against this argument.

[32] Registers of Baptisms, Marriages & Burials – Burial: Charles Peat [SRNSW ref: Vol.7 No.643; Reel 5002]

[33] Colonial Secretary Correspondence: J.T. Campbell to Chief Magistrate of Police, 23 Nov 1811 [SRNSW ref: 4/3499 p.154; Reel 6006]

[34] Colonial Secretary Correspondence: J.T. Campbell to George Peat, 24 Nov 1811 [SRNSW ref: 4/3499 p.164; Reel 6006]

[35] Colonial Secretary Correspondence: Tender from Peat & Smith [SRNSW ref: 4/1749 pp.6-11; Reel 6051]

[36] ibid

[37] Cumpston, J.S. Shipping Arrivals and Departures, p.126

[38] ibid. Cumpston records that the Sally arrived from Hobart on 31 March however this seems unlikely as the vessel had sailed only 10 days previously for Newcastle, and as the usual cargo from Newcastle at that time was coal.

[39] Sydney Gazette, 7 April 1821 - Advertisement

[40] Sydney Gazette, 7 April 1821 p2 c3

[41] Cumpston, J.S. Shipping Arrivals and Departures, p.126

[42] ibid p.128

[43] ibid p.126

[44] Colonial Secretary Correspondence: F. Goulburn to Messrs Peat & Smith, 18 Aug 1821 [SRNSW ref: 4/3504 p.244; Reel 6008]; 27 Aug 1821 [SRNSW ref: 4/3504 p.292; Reel 6008] & 31 Aug 1821 [SRNSW ref: 4/3504 p.244; Reel 6008]; also Tender from Peat & Smith [SRNSW ref: 4/1749 pp.6-11; Reel 6051]; also Sydney Gazette 24 Nov 1821 Supp p.1 c.1; also Wentworth Papers [ML ref: D1 p225; CY Reel 417]

[45] Colonial Secretary Correspondence: F. Goulburn to George Peat, 3 Nov 1821 [SRNSW ref: 4/3504A p.24; Reel 6008]

[46] Shipping arrival records for the first half of 1822 are incomplete [Cumpston p.130].

[47] Cumpston, J.S. Shipping Arrivals and Departures, p.134

[48] Colonial Secretary Correspondence: J. Nicholson to F. Goulburn, 4 Jly 1822 [SRNSW ref: 4/1756 pp.134-5; Reel 6053]

[49] Cumpston, J.S. Shipping Arrivals and Departures, p.134

[50] ibid

[51] Colonial Secretary Correspondence – Petition: George Peat &c, 14 Apl 1823 [SRNSW ref: 4/1771 p.216; Reel 6058]

[52] This land acquisition is discussed below.

[53] Research by the author of this publication reveals that the Betsy and the Elizabeth were probably the same vessel.

[54] Ross, Valerie A Hawkesbury Story (LAH, Sydney, 1981), p.79

[55] Cumpston, J.S. Shipping Arrivals and Departures, p.140, 144, 146, 148 & 150

[56] In the surviving version of the 1822 Muster, George and his family were recorded under the surname Pest indicating that the clerks copying the original entries into the alphabetized volumes misread the surname (their Pest entries followed Pertfield so this was clearly not a later transcription error). Surprisingly, in the 1823/4/5 Muster List, George and his sons were listed under the surname Pest [Entries 36146-8] with no additional information, and also under Peate [Entries 36201-3] with full details.

[57] Baxter, C.J. (ed.) General Muster and Land & Stock Muster of NSW 1822 (ABGR, Sydney, 1988). Entries A16726-8 & A21447

[58] Registers of Baptisms, Marriages & Burials – Baptism: William John Peat [SRNSW ref: Vol.8 No.214; Reel 5002]; & Mutch Index – 1814+: Burial – Mary Peat [ML]

[59] Baxter, C.J. (ed.) General Muster List of NSW 1823, 1824, 1825 (ABGR, Sydney, 1999), Entries 36201-36203 & 43651. This source actually listed George as a resident of Wilberforce, no doubt a reference to the district rather than the specific location within the district.

[59a] Robert Randall to George Peat, 23 Apr 1823 in Old Register Book 9 p.51 Entry 79 [LPI ref: Old Register 1-9 DVD]

[60] Colonial Secretary – Petition: George Peat, 2 Mch 1835 [SRNSW ref: 2/7948 George Peat No.35/3540; Reel 1171]

[61] The given name of this witness could be “Rob” or “R.C.”.

[62] Colonial Secretary – Petition: George Peat, 2 Mch 1835 [SRNSW ref: 2/7948 George Peat No.35/3540; Reel 1171]

[63] Colonial Secretary – Letter: George Peat, 20 Apl 1835 [SRNSW ref: 2/7948 George Peat No.[unclearl]; Reel 1171]

[64] Colonial Secretary – Surveyor General’s response: re George Peat, 27 Jun 1835 [SRNSW ref: 2/7948 George Peat No.35/4900; Reel 1171]

[65] Colonial Secretary – Letter: to George Peat, 9 Jly 1835 [SRNSW ref: 2/7948 George Peat No.35/504; Reel 1171]

[66] This block later became Portion 40, Meehan Parish, County Cook, and is shown on Map 4.

[67] Colonial Secretary – Letter: from Internal Revenue Office, 1 Dec 1835 [SRNSW ref: 2/7948 George Peat No.35/10161; Reel 1171]

[68] Colonial Secretary – Letter: from Survyeor General’s Office, 18 Mch 1836 [SRNSW ref: 2/7948 George Peat No.36/2506; Reel 1171]

[69] Colonial Secretary re land - Letter: George Peat, 17 Jan 1836 [SRNSW ref: 2/7948 George Peat No.36/6; Reel 1171]

[70] Colonial Secretary – Report: from Asst Surveyor, 5 Mch 1836 [SRNSW ref: 2/7948 George Peat No.36/2506; Reel 1171]

[71] Colonial Secretary – Report: from Asst Surveyor, 5 Mch 1836 & from Deputy Surveyor, 18 Mch 1836 [SRNSW ref: 2/7948 George Peat No.36/2506; Reel 1171]

[72] Colonial Secretary – Report: from Asst Surveyor, 5 Mch 1836 [SRNSW ref: 2/7948 George Peat No.36/2506; Reel 1171]

[73] ibid

[74] The initials attached to this remark were apparently “G.G.” and as his was the final word, this would appear to be the Governor George Gipps.

[75] Colonial Secretary – Memoranda: 1838 [SRNSW ref: 2/7948 George Peat, memoranda preceding No.36/2506; Reel 1171]

[76] Old System Grant: George Peat, “Green Reach”, Hawkesbury River , 7 acres and 20 acres [LPI ref: Purchases – 6: Vol. 68 pp.97&98]. This block became Portion 39, Meehan Parish, County Cook and is shown on Map 4

[77] Old System Registers – Conveyance: George Peat to William Brown, “Green Reach”, Hawkesbury River , 7 acres and 20 acres [LPI ref: Book 24 No.333]

[78] Portion 39 shown on Map 4

[79] Colonial Secretary – Petition: George Peat, Jun 1824 [SRNSW ref: 4/1839A No.755 pp.17-20; Fiche 3105]

[80] Colonial Secretary Correspondence: F. Goulburn to George Peat, 30 Jun 1824 [SRNSW ref: 4/3511 p.569; Reel 6013]

[81] George was described as a shipwright in Sydney in the 1828 Census and a baptism in 1829 [SRNSW ref: Vol.13 Baptism No.229; Reel 5003] and as a shipwright in Portland Head in an 1831 baptism entry [SRNSW ref: Vol.15 Baptism No.238; Reel 5003]

[82] Sainty, M.R. & Johnson, K.A. Census of NSW November 1828 (LAH, Sydney, 1985), Entry P0475

[83] Registers of Baptisms, Marriages & Burials – Burial: Elizabeth Peat [SRNSW ref: Vol.10 No.366; Reel 5002]

[84] Registers of Baptisms, Marriages & Burials – Burial: William Peat [SRNSW ref: Vol.11 No.157; Reel 5003]

[85] For further information about the Ternen family see Second Fleet Ternen Family.

[86] Flynn, Michael, The Second Fleet, p.564. Death Certificate: Frances Peat 1866 [RBDM-NSW ref: 1866/000998]. For further information about the Hughes family see Second Fleet Ternen Family.

[87] Marriage Licence: George Peat & Frances Ternen [ML ref: Dixson Add.159]

[88] As Frances’ mother was illiterate, this witness was clearly Frances’ sister.

[89] Registers of Baptisms, Marriages & Burials – Marriage: George Peat & Frances Ternen [SRNSW ref: Vol.12 No.674; Reel 5003]

[90] Sainty, M.R. & Johnson, K.A. Census of NSW November 1828, Entries P0475-P0477

[91] Sainty, M.R. & Johnson, K.A. Census of NSW November 1828, Entries T0326+

[92] Registers of Baptisms, Marriages & Burials – Baptism: William Peat [SRNSW ref: Vol.13 No.229; Reel 5003]

[93] Colonial Secretary re land: Petition – George Peat, Aug 1829 [SRNSW ref: 2/7948 George Peat No. 29/6665; Reel 1171]

[94] ibid

[95] Colonial Secretary re land: Letter – George Peat, Feb 1830 [SRNSW ref: 2/7948 George Peat No. 30/1122; Reel 1171]

[96] ibid

[97] ibid

[98] ibid

[99] ibid

[100] ibid & Land Grant notification – George Peat, Oct 1830 [SRNSW ref: 2/7948 George Peat No. 30/2005; Reel 1171]

[101] Colonial Secretary re land: Land Grant notification – George Peat, Oct 1830 [SRNSW ref: 2/7948 George Peat No. 30/2005; Reel 1171]

[102] Colonial Secretary re land: Petition – George Peat, Mch 1830 [SRNSW ref: 2/7948 George Peat No. 30/2111; Reel 1171]

[103] Schofield, Claire The Shaping of Hornsby Shire, p.21

[104] Colonial Secretary re land: Letter – George Peat, 23 Feb 1831 [SRNSW ref: 2/7948 George Peat No. (unclear); Reel 1171]

[105] Registers of Land Grants and Leases: George Peat “Fairview Point” [SRNSW ref: 7/459 p.171; Reel 2549]; & Colonial Secretary re land: Grant Description – George Peat’s “Fairview” grant, 5 Nov 1839 [SRNSW ref: 2/7948 George Peat No. 39/6907; Reel 1171]

[106] Land Grant: “Fairview Point”, 60 acres, County Northumberland [LPI ref: Grants of Land – B3: Vol. 59 p.191]

[107] Colonial Secretary re land: Grant Description – George Peat’s “Fairview” grant, 5 Nov 1839 [SRNSW ref: 2/7948 George Peat No. 39/6907; Reel 1171]

[108] Registers of Land Grants and Leases: George Peat “Fairview Point” [SRNSW ref: 7/459 p.171; Reel 2549]

[109] “Railway works at Peate’s Ferry” in Town & Country Journal, 16 Aug 1884 p.331

[110] “Railway, Sydney to Newcastle” in Town & Country Journal, 15 Nov 1884 p.1016

[111] Colonial Secretary re land: Land Grant notification – George Peat, Oct 1830 [SRNSW ref: 2/7948 George Peat No. 30/2005; Reel 1171]

[112] Registers of Baptisms, Marriages & Burials – Baptism: Frances Peat [SRNSW ref: Vol.15 No.238; Reel 5003]

[113] Registers of Baptisms, Marriages & Burials – Baptism: Margaret Peat [SRNSW ref: Vol.18 No.168; Reel 5004]

[114] Registers of Baptisms, Marriages & Burials – Baptism: Joanna Peat [SRNSW ref: Vol.20 No.37; Reel 5004]

[115] Registers of Baptisms, Marriages & Burials – Baptism: Charles Peat [SRNSW ref: Vol.21 No.262; Reel 5005]

[116] Registers of Baptisms, Marriages & Burials – Baptism: Elizabeth Peat [SRNSW ref: Vol.24 No.68; Reel 5006]

[117] Registers of Baptisms, Marriages & Burials – Baptism: Ann Peat [SRNSW ref: Vol.25 No.246; Reel 5006]

[118] Colonial Secretary re land – Letter: from Internal Revenue Office, 20 Nov 1825 [SRNSW ref: 2/7948 George Peat No. 35/10121; Reel 1171]

[119] Old System Registers - Land Purchase: George Peat’s “Peat’s Bight” grant, Cowan Parish, County Cumberland [LPI ref: Land Purchases – Q: Vol.44 p.4]. See Map 6.

[120] Sydney Gazette, 15 Apl 1837, p.2 c.7

[121] Colonial Secretary re land: George Peat’s land south-east of Peat’s Bight [SRNSW ref: 2/7948 George Peat No. 36/5468; Reel 1171]

[122] It is possible that these were separate applications, as one noted that the land lay to the south-east of George Peat’s land and the other to the north, however as the first application was deficient in identifying information, and as later references only mention the later application, it appears likely that the second application replaced the first.

[123] Colonial Secretary re land: George Peat’s land south-east of Peat’s Bight [SRNSW ref: 2/7948 George Peat No. 36/7000; Reel 1171]

[124] Surveyor General - letters to re land: George Peat [SRNSW ref: 2/1700 No.38/46]

[125] ibid; reference to land sale included in Government Gazette, 1836 p.699

[126] Surveyor General - letters to re land: George Peat [SRNSW ref: 2/1700 No.38/46]

[127] The Survey Plan for this block suggests that it was applied for in 1836 and initially offered for sale on 14 December 1836, however the reference details on the plan indicate that this block was in fact the 50 acres lying to the north of George’s Peat Bight block that was offered for sale on that date, but failed to sell as it had not been measured. Perhaps George’s interest changed in the intervening period

[128] Map of Portion 10, Parish of Cowan, County Cumberland, provided by Dr Geoff Ford, Wahroonga extracted from a student assignment by Danielle Maestri at Lismore. This map is probably the Crown Plan for that block of land, although the original source has not been located to date.

[129] The location of the head of Mooney Mooney Creek and Mangrove Creek can be found on Map 3.

[130] Surveyor General – Application: George Peat, Feb 1838 [SRNSW ref: 2/1416 - 23 Feb 1838; Reel 2804]

[131] ibid

[132] Sydney Morning Herald, 20 Sep 1843, p.4 c.2

[133] Colonial Secretary re land: George Peat’s Jerusalem Creek application [SRNSW ref: 2/7948 George Peat No. 40/11363; Reel 1171]. The location of Cowan Creek is shown on Map 3.

[134] Four blocks if the two applications for 50 acres near Peat’s Bight were considered as one, or five blocks if the two applications were considered separately as they described different land locations.

[135] Sydney Street Directories and other maps of Cowan Parish, County of Cumberland

[136] Sydney Gazette 20 Jul 1837 p.4

[137] Town Grants - George Peat: St Philip’s Parish, Sydney – Section 57 Allotment 9 [LPI ref: Town Grants – 3: Vol. 50 p.32]

[138] Colonial Secretary Correspondence: George Peat, 28 May 1847 [SRNSW ref: 4/2771.3 No.47/4250; Reel 2268]

[139] Town Grants - George Peat: St Philip’s Parish, Sydney – Section 57 Allotment 9 [LPI ref: Town Grants – 3: Vol. 50 p.32]

[140] Part of St Philip’s Parish, Sydney which includes Section 57 Allotment 9 [LPI ref: U1845-1312]

[141] Old System Registers - Conveyance: George Peat to William Peat, St Philip’s Parish, Sydney – Section 57 Allotment 9 [LPI ref: Book 83 No. 342]

[142] Old System Registers - Conveyance: George Peat to John Campbell, all remaining property [LPI ref: Book 105 No.582]

[143] Old System Registers - Conveyance: George Peat to Samuel Neale, St Philip’s Parish, Sydney – Section 57 Allotment 9 [LPI ref: Book 97 No. 107]

[144] Old System Registers – Vendors Indexes 1860s-1870s [LPI]

[145] It is possible that a thorough research of land records could reveal additional land George held or had an involvement with. Although registers of the recipients of land grants and Crown lands purchases are available and indicate that George obtained no other land from the Crown, only Vendors Indexes are available for other land transactions prior to the 20th century. It is therefore necessary to locate transactions relating to the sale of land prior and through those sources hopefully determine when it was purchased. As George’s land was assigned to a trustee with the very common name “John Campbell” and through him to his daughters, it is possible that a thorough search of records relating to John Campbell or George’s daughters may turn up additional blocks of land that had originally been acquired by George Peat.

[146] Probate Packet: William Ternen [SRNSW ref: 14/3222 No.1607]; & Old System Registers – Conveyance: William Peat [LPI ref: Book 107 No. 78]; &c.

[147] Sydney Morning Herald, 20 Sep 1843, p.4 c.2

[148] Hornsby District Historical Society Pioneers of Hornsby Shire 1788-1906, pp.29-30

[149] Main Roads [Journal], Vol.XIV, No. 3 p.84

[150] ibid

[151] Sydney Morning Herald, 20 Sep 1843, p.4 c.2

[152] Sydney Morning Herald, 24 April 1844 p.2 c.6

[153] Schofield, Claire The Shaping of Hornsby Shire, p.193

[154] Sydney Morning Herald, 3 Jly 1844 p.2 c.4

[155] Sydney Morning Herald, 3 Dec 1844 p.2 c.7+

[156] From Sydney Morning Herald 5 Mch 1845 [unchecked] quoted in Jervis, J. “Peat’s Ferry and Route to the North”, pp.248-9

[157] Surveyor General - Registers of Letters received from officials and individuals: George Peat, 1845 [SRNSW ref: 2/1419 No.45/30; Reel 2805]

[158] Colonial Secretary re land: George Peat’s Kangaroo Point land [SRNSW ref: 2/7948 George Peat No. 46/8930; Reel 1171]; Old System Registers [LPI ref: Land Purchases – Sydney D: Vol. 78 p.62]

[159] Old System Registers – Conveyance: James Branan to George Peat, Green Point land, Hawkesbury River [LPI ref: Book 10 No.73]

[160] Information provided by Dr Geoff Ford, Wahroonga.

[161] Old System Registers – Mortgage: George Peat to Charles Jenkins [LPI ref: Book 9 No. 733]

[162] Old System Registers – Mortgage Discharge: George Peat to Charles Jenkins [LPI ref: Book 23 No. 875]

[163] Reference to the sale of his ferries in Henry Selkirk’s “The Old Peat’s Ferry-road” in Journal of the Royal Australian Historical Society, Vol.XI (1925), p.221

[164] Colonial Secretary re land: George Peat’s Kangaroo Point land [SRNSW ref: 2/7948 George Peat No. 46/8930; Reel 1171]

[165] Jervis, J. “Peat’s Ferry and Route to the North”, p.249

[166] Colonial Secretary Correspondence – Letter: George Peat, 30 May 1848 [SRNSW ref: 4/2809.2 No.48/6648; Reel 2272]

[167] ibid

[168] The significance of George Peat’s involvement in the Hawkesbury crossing and road to Gosford has meant that a considerable amount of information has been written about the history and construction of the various roads and railway routes, both in relation to him and in their own right. Although some of this information has been reproduced here, it would take a considerable amount of time to re-examine the original records to determine the accuracy of the information contained in the various historical publications. This task has not been undertaken for the purpose of this biography.

[169] Henry Selkirk’s “The Old Peat’s Ferry-road”, p.221

[170] Mr W. Lewis in Windsor and Richmond Gazette in 1925 quoted in Pioneers of Hornsby Shire, 1980, p.30

[171] No source reference but quoted in Frank Walkers’ “The Old Peat’s Ferry-road”, p.211

[172] ibid p.212

[173] Sydney Morning Herald, 20 Sep 1843, p.4 c.2

[174] Old System Registers – Conveyance: William Hamilton to George Peat, Section 9 Allotment 9, Town of Gosford, County Northumberland [LPI ref: Book 9 No. 122]

[175] Map – Town of Gosford showing Section 9 Allotment 9 [LPI ref: U2797-82]

[176] Government Gazette, 1845, p.540

[177] Swancott, C The Brisbane Water Story (Brisbane Water Historical Society, 1953) p.85

[178] Maitland Mercury, 26 May 1849 p.2

[179] Swancott, C The Brisbane Water Story, p.85. Dr Geoff Ford of Wahroonga indicates that George was very involved with Gosford matters at this time. More information could no doubt be found in records relating to Gosford and the Brisbane Water district through Gosford library or the Central Coast Family History Society.

[180] Old System Registers – Conveyance: George Peat to H.A. Crause, Section 9 Allotment 9, Town of Gosford, County Northumberland [LPI ref: Book 44 No. 629]

[181] Surveyor General - letters to re land: George Peat [SRNSW ref: 2/1701 No.50/1]

[182] ibid

[183] Ferguson, J.A. “George Peat and His Ferry” (JRAHS Vol. 11) p.203

[184] Pioneers of Hornsby Shire, p.30

[185] Marriage Notice for William Cusse Hayes and Annie Peat extracted from the Sydney Mail 31 May 1862 and included in the SAG General Card Index.

[186] Quoted in Hornsby District Historical Society Pioneers of Hornsby Shire 1788-1906, pp.30-1

[187] Death Certificate: Frances Peat 1866 [RBDM-NSW ref: 1866/998]

[188] Old System Registers – Deed of Partition: Re George Peat’s land [LPI ref: Book 646 No. 543]; Torrens Title Indexes 1863-1867

[189] Old System Registers - Conveyance: George Peat to John Campbell, all remaining property [LPI ref: Book 105 No.582]

[190] Supreme Court - Probate Packet: Elizabeth Campbell [SRNSW ref: SC004758 No.135750]

[191] Death Certificate: George Peat 1870 [RBDM-NSW ref: 1870/924]

[192] Scott, P.J. “The Peat Family” p.51

[193] A newspaper article reporting upon attempts to evict a resident from George’s Peats Ferry land reports that the fire occurred in 1865 [SAG Ref: Primary Record File 11/6/7/637 p.16]. No confirmation of this date has been found to date.

[194] Ferguson, J.A. “George Peat and His Ferry” p.204

[195] ibid p.206

[196] ibid p.206

[197] Laws, F. “The Crossing of the Hawkesbury River on the Great Northern Highway”, pp.64-7

[198] ibid p.66

[199] George Peat: [SRNSW ref: Vol.7 Baptism No.515, & Vol.6 Baptism No.477; Reel 5002]; Peat Pedigree Information; Peat Pamphlet (see Bibliography).

[200] Charles Peat: [SRNSW ref: Vol.7 Burial No.643; Reel 5002]

[201] William John Peat: [SRNSW ref: Vol.8 Baptism No. 214; Reel 5002]; [SRNSW ref: Vol.11 Burial No.157; Reel 5003]

[202] Mary Peat: Mutch Index to Births, Marriages & Deaths – Burial [ML]

[203] William Peat: [SRNSW ref: Vol.13 Baptism No.229; Reel 5003]; Pioneers Index 1788-1888; Federation Index 1889-1918; Obituary SAG General Card Index; & Peat Pamphlet [unconfirmed]

[204] Frances Peat: [SRNSW ref: Vol.15 Baptism No.238; Reel 5003]; Monumental Inscription [transcribed by Dr G. Ford, Wahroonga]

[205] Margaret Peat: [SRNSW ref: Vol.18 Baptism No.168; Reel 5004]; Pioneers Index 1788-1888

[206] Joanna Peat: [SRNSW ref: Vol.20 Baptism No.37; Reel 5004]; Peat Pedigree Information (see Bibliography); Pioneers Index 1788-1888; Land Dealing [LPI ref: Book 105 No.582]

[207] Charles Peat: [SRNSW ref: Vol.21 Baptism No.262; Reel 5005]; Peat Pedigree Information (see Bibliography); [Peat Pamphlet].

[208] Ann Peat: [SRNSW ref: Vol.25 Baptism No.246; Reel 5006]; Peat Pedigree Information (see Bibliography); Pioneers Index 1788-1888; Marriage Notice – Sydney Mail 31 May 1862 quoted in SAG General Card Index.

Abbreviations

LPI - Land and Property Information
ML - Mitchell Library, NSW
RBDM-NSW - Registry of Births, Deaths & Marriages, NSW
SRNSW - State Records of New South Wales, NSW